Incorporating the internet into the physical world initially began as a slow shift. It has since gained unprecedented momentum with the emergence of the Internet of Things (“IoT”). Multiple “smart” tools with computing capabilities have become smaller and cheaper, resulting in broader availability and utility. Large budgets were required for an industry to computerize a process just a decade ago. Today, it takes far less money and time. Moreover, it’s substantially easier for individuals to perform a majority of daily tasks on the web. All that’s required is a smartphone app and users can control home appliances or set office temperature.
Sophisticated sensors also play a major role in the convergence of physical and digital worlds. New sensor technologies, such as proximity, infrared, image, optical, temperature, smoke, and pressure sensors have surfaced. They facilitate the automation of numerous processes.